OKAP Review, General Medicine: Hypertension

It seems like a large percentage of our patients have some semblance of hypertension.  For most ophthalmologists, the majority of what used to keep us up late at night in medical school – treating hypertensive urgency, adjusting long-term meds, counseling patients about sodium intake, debating whether or not to work someone up for pheochromocytoma, etc. – no longer has any direct relevance.  I don’t mean this in any negative sense, of course, but the point is, management of hypertension is no longer our field of expertise.  However, there are still some key things to remember about hypertension.  After all, we’re still medical doctors.

The OKAP content outline lists 7 specific categories of knowledge that are important to know about hypertension: Continue reading “OKAP Review, General Medicine: Hypertension”

OKAP Review, General Medicine: Pathophysiology of Infectious Diseases

There are a ton of infectious diseases we have to know and recognize.  While hopefully most of the following are a review of concepts learned in undergrad and medical school, there are some minutiae that I often will forget.  Some of these infectious diseases will be addressed in later articles, pertaining to the specific eye condition it may cause.  Not all infectious diseases will be discussed; only the ones where there were specific pathophysiology-related discussions listed. Continue reading “OKAP Review, General Medicine: Pathophysiology of Infectious Diseases”

OKAP Review, General Medicine: HIV and AIDS

Illustration of HIV.
Image from: Wikipedia

I admit, most of the general medicine categories will be rather broad topics.  Truth be told, the main things you need to know about HIV and AIDS are more geared towards the opportunistic illnesses that arise from the immunodeficient state present in the late stages.  You’ll likely see some of those opportunistic conditions pop up in other sections, as we work through each article. Continue reading “OKAP Review, General Medicine: HIV and AIDS”